Do Land Contracts For Deed Qualify for 1031 Exchange Treatment?
When a Land Contract or Contract for Deed is part of a 1031 Tax Deferred Exchange transaction, it can have a variety of meanings depending on the terminology and how the documents pertaining to the transaction are drawn up; Land Contract, Contract for Deed and/or a Contract for Sale can mean the same thing or not, so it is important to pay careful attention to the particulars in any given deal with these factors involved.
The transfer or conveyance of real property is considered to have occurred upfront for tax purposes if the Land Contract or Contract for Deed transfers all of the rights and benefits of ownership to the buyer upfront at the time of execution of the Land Contract. It can be drafted outside of the 1031 Tax Deferred Exchange and would be taxable, or drafted as part of the 1031 Exchange so that tax liabilities can be deferred; obviously, the Land Contract or Contract for Deed being drafted as part of the 1031 Exchange is the more attractive of these two options. However, the Investor's ability to structure and complete a 1031 exchange can be complicated because the transfer or closing has occurred upfront upon the execution of the Land Contract. In order to complete the 1031 Exchange, the Land Contract must be converted into cash.
If the Investor acquires a like-kind replacement property as part of the 1031 Exchange, they can defer the payment of their depreciation recapture taxes and capital gain taxes; however, the Investor must acquire an interest in real property and relinquish an interest in real property during certain 1031 Exchange deadlines. The immediate sale and transfer of rights of real property to the buyer upfront, along with structuring set for financing or payments over a period of time, is known as Land Contract or Contract for Deed. The buyer owns the property outright and can utilize it however they please right away; however, not all contracts are structured in such a way that the rights to the real property are fully transferred until the buyer pays the debt in full. The services of a layer or tax attorney are quite necessary in this regard.
Disclaimer: 1031 exchange made simple does not guarantee the performance of the QI's in our referral network and we can not be held liable for any misrepresentations or mistakes in regards to a 1031 exchange by one of the QI's that we refer to you. 1031 Exchange made simple does not provide tax advice nor can we make representations regarding the tax consequences of an exchange transaction. 1031 Exchange made simple is a 1031 QI Referral Network. 1031 made simple is not responsible (in any way) for the performance, creditability, and financial condition of any QI in our network. In this new economic environment it is imperative that all potential 1031 exchange customers do their own due diligence and research on any QI that they may use, on a 1031 exchange. Please verify and check the validity of the Bonding and Insurance of your QI. It may be wise to have your 1031 exchange accounts set up as separate, individual customer accounts. Our web site is to be used as a information based web site only. All parties doing a 1031 exchange must consult their tax advisors or attorney for this information.
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