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1031 Exchange Glossary

Here, you will find definitions of terms and phrases frequently used in the environment of 1031 Exchanges.

1031 Exchange
Adjusted Basis
Agreement for Transfer
Boot
Capital Gain
Construction 1031 Exchange
Constructive Receipt
Contract 1031 Exchange
Cooperation Clause
Exchange Accommodation Taxpayer
Exchanger
Exchange Funds Account
Exchange Period
The Fair Market Value
Forward Delayed Exchange
Identification Period
Identification Removal
Identification Statement
IRS 1031 Tax Code

Like-Kind Property
Personal Property
Napkin Rule
Original Basis
Phase 1
Phase 2
Qualified Intermediary
Real Estate Exchange
Relinquished Property
Replacement Property
Reverse Exchanges
Rules of Identification
Settlement Agent
Tax Advisor
Taxpayer
Tax Deferred Exchange
Tenancy In Common (TIC)
Three Property Rule
200% Percent Rule
95% Percent Rule

1031 Exchange
This very simply is a 1031 Tax Deferral which permits taxpayers to reinvest the proceeds from the sale of property held for investment or business purposes into another investment or business property, and defer capital gains tax that would otherwise be due on the initial sale.

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Adjusted Basis
The original basis plus any improvement costs minus the full depreciation on the property.

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Agreement for Transfer
Purchase agreement, offer and acceptance, sale agreement, earnest money agreement, real estate contract or other contract contemplating the purchase or sale of real property.

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Boot
This the property the taxpayer receives in the exchange which does not qualify as “like kind" property. Cash proceeds are the most common form of boot and a boot is subject to taxation.

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Capital Gain
The capital gain is calculated as follows: total selling price of the relinquished property, less exchange expenses, less the relinquished property’s adjusted basis. The adjusted basis is the original cost, plus the cost of capital improvements, less depreciation or cost recovery deductions. Capital gains may be subject to depreciation recapture and other rules of the IRS.

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Construction 1031 Exchange
You may even purchase replacement property that is not yet built, provided that the improvements on the property are completed prior to the expiration of the 180 days (Which can be very difficult). In a Construction 1031 Exchange, the property is held by a specially formed LLC called the EAT "Exchange Accommodation Taxpayer". A Construction Exchange generally has greater complexity and fees than a 1031 Exchange.

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Constructive Receipt
This is a term that refers to the 1031 exchanger having unrestricted control of the equity from the property sold and a Constructive Receipt will invalidate a tax deferred 1031 exchange.

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Contract 1031 Exchange
A "Contract Exchange" is the tax-deferred exchange of: The Buyer’s ownership in a Sales Contract on real property, for different real property, or for a contract or option on different real property; or the Option Holder’s exchange of an Option to purchase real property, for different real property, or for an option or contract on different real property. Essentially, a "contract exchange" is a 1031 exchange of an open option to purchase, or an open Sales Contract, rather than a 1031 exchange of the underlying real estate itself.

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Cooperation Clause
A clause that is added to the purchase on sales agreement requiring the person who is not the exchanger to use their best efforts to assist the exchanger in consummating a 1031 tax deferred exchange.

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Exchange Accommodation Taxpayer
The Exchange Accommodation Taxpayer "EAT" is a specially formed LLC used during a Construction Exchange or a Reverse Exchange.

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Exchanger
The actual owner of the investment property looking to make a tax deferred exchange. Unfortunately an exchanger cannot be an owner that wishes to defer capital gains tax on a second home. See "like kind" property definition.

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Exchange Funds Account
The account established by the qualified intermediary (QI) to hold the exchange funds.

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Exchange Period
A 180 day window in which the exchanger has to complete a tax deferred exchange. During the exchange period there is a 45 day identification period in which the exchanger must identify which property or properties that will be purchased.

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The Fair Market Value
This is likely selling price as defined by the market at a specific point in time.

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Forward Delayed Exchange
A type of exchange which occurs when a property is sold "Relinquished Property" and another property is purchased "Replacement Property" within 180 days following the sale of the Relinquished Property.

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Identification Period
The time period that begins upon the "close of escrow" of the relinquished property. During this 45-day period, the 1031 exchanger must identify the replacement property in order to continue with the section 1031 exchange transaction.

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Identification Removal
An Identification Removal form is used to remove previously identified Replacement Property or properties within the Identification Period of 45 days.

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Identification Statement
An Identification Statement form is used to identify potential replacement property or properties.

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IRS 1031 Tax Code
Internal revenue code section 1031.

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"Like-Kind" Property
The properties involved in a tax deferred exchange must be similar in nature or characteristics. "Like kind" real estate property is basically any real estate that is NOT your personal residence or NOT a second home.

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The Napkin Rule
You must buy a Replacement Property of equal or greater value to the Relinquished Property in order to completely defer the applicable capital gains tax. If you purchase a property of lesser value, you will be responsible for any tax on the difference. You must use all the cash proceeds from the sale on your purchase in order to completely defer the applicable capital gains tax. Now if you happen not use all your proceeds on the purchase, you will be responsible for any tax on the difference.

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Original Basis
This is the purchase price of a property and it is used to calculate capital gains or losses for tax purposes.

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Personal Property
Any property belonging to the 1031 exchanger that is non real estate related.

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Phase 1
The process in which the relinquished property is sold and all of the respective paper work for that process is completed. This process is also known as the “down leg” of the tax deferred exchange process.

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Phase 2
This is the process in which the replacement property is bought and all the respective paperwork for that process is completed. This process is also known as the “up leg” of the tax 1031 deferred exchange process.

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Qualified Intermediary
The Intermediary is also known as, QI, Accommodator, Facilitator, Qualified Escrow Holder. A third party that helps to facilitate the exchange.

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Real Estate Exchange
A type of Exchange of real property for real property. All types of real property are "like kind" for other real property, including vacant land, residential, commercial, and even some long term leases.

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Relinquished Property
The original property being sold by the taxpayer when making a 1031 exchange.

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Replacement Property
Is the new property being acquired by the taxpayer when making a 1031 exchange.

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Reverse Exchanges
This is the type of exchange in which the Replacement Property is purchased before the sale of the Relinquished Property.

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Rules of Identification
The guidelines that must be followed when making a 1031 tax deferred exchange, such as the 3 Property Rule, 200% Percent Rule, and 95% Percent Rule.

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Settlement Agent
Definitions include: Title agent, closing officer, escrow officer, settlement officer, closing agent, closing attorney, settlement attorney.

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Tax Advisor
Financial Advisor, Accountant, CPA, Tax attorney.

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Taxpayer
Client, investor, or the exchanger.

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Tax Deferred Exchange
The procedure outlined under IRS Code Section 1031 involving a series of rules and regulations that must be met in order to take full advantage of deferring capital gains tax on the sale of investment real estate. A 1031 tax-deferred exchanges are also commonly known as: Starker exchanges, delayed exchanges, like-kind exchanges, 1031 exchanges, section 1031 exchanges, tax-free exchanges, nontaxable exchanges, real estate exchanges, real property exchanges. Though all of these terms refer to the same thing, the most typical term used today is the tax deferred 1031 exchange.

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Tenancy In Common (TIC)
A fractional or partial ownership interest in a piece of property, rather than owning the entire piece of property.

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Three Property Rule
The Exchanger may identify up to 3 properties, without regard to their value.

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The 200% Percent Rule
The 1031 Exchanger may identify more than three properties, provided their combined fair market value does not exceed 200% of value of the Relinquished Property.

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The 95% Percent Rule
The 1031 Exchanger may identify any number of properties, without regard to their value, provided the Exchanger acquires 95% of the fair market value of the properties identified.

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Disclaimer: 1031 exchange made simple does not guarantee the performance of the QI's in our referral network and we can not be held liable for any misrepresentations or mistakes in regards to a 1031 exchange by one of the QI's that we refer to you. 1031 Exchange made simple does not provide tax advice nor can we make representations regarding the tax consequences of an exchange transaction. 1031 Exchange made simple is a 1031 QI Referral Network. 1031 made simple is not responsible (in any way) for the performance, creditability, and financial condition of any QI in our network. In this new economic environment it is imperative that all potential 1031 exchange customers do their own due diligence and research on any QI that they may use, on a 1031 exchange. Please verify and check the validity of the Bonding and Insurance of your QI. It may be wise to have your 1031 exchange accounts set up as separate, individual customer accounts. Our web site is to be used as a information based web site only. All parties doing a 1031 exchange must consult their tax advisors or attorney for this information.

If you are in need of a qualified intermediary and would like to be matched up with one of our fully licensed and bonded QI's in your state, please call 1-877-812-1031

If you are a fully licensed Qualified Intermediary and would like to be evaluated and possibly added to our network of QI state and local providers, please call us today at: 1-877-812-1031


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